name: mirtazapine (mir
TAZ a peen)
class: Tetracyclic antidepressant
All FDA black box
warnings are at the end of this fact sheet. Please review
before taking this medication.
is Remeron® and what does it treat?
is an antidepressant medication that works in the brain. It is
approved for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD).
of depression include:
mood - feeling sad, empty, or tearful
worthless, guilty, hopeless, and helpless
of interest or pleasure in your usual activities
and eat more or less than usual (for most people it is less)
energy, trouble concentrating, or thoughts of death (suicidal
agitation (‘nervous energy’)
retardation (feeling like you are moving and thinking in slow
thoughts or behaviors
is the most important information I should know about Remeron®?
not stop taking mirtazapine, even when you feel better. Only your
healthcare provider can determine the length of treatment that is
right for you.
doses of mirtazapine may increase your risk for relapse in your
mirtazapine abruptly may result in one or more of the following
withdrawal symptoms: irritability, nausea, dizziness, vomiting,
nightmares, headache, and/or paresthesias (prickling, tingling
sensation on the skin).
is also a part of bipolar illness. People with bipolar disorder who
take antidepressants may be at risk for "switching" from
depression into mania. Symptoms of mania include "high" or
irritable mood, very high self esteem, decreased need for sleep,
pressure to keep talking, racing thoughts, being easily distracted,
frequently involved in activities with a large risk for bad
consequences (for example, excessive buying sprees).
there specific concerns about Remeron® and
you are planning on becoming pregnant, notify your healthcare
provider to best manage your medications. People living with MDD who
wish to become pregnant face important decisions. Untreated MDD has
risks to the fetus, as well as the mother. It is important to
discuss the risks and benefits of treatment with your doctor and
is advised with breastfeeding since mirtazapine
pass into breast milk.
should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking Remeron®?
of your condition that bother you the most
you have thoughts of suicide or harming yourself
you have taken in the past for your condition, whether they were
effective or caused any adverse effects
you experience side effects from your medications, discuss them with
your provider. Some side effects may pass with time, but others may
require changes in the medication.
other psychiatric or medical problems you have, including a history
of bipolar disorder
other medications you are currently taking (including over the
counter products, herbal and nutritional supplements) and any
medication allergies you have
non-medication treatment you are receiving, such as talk therapy or
substance abuse treatment. Your provider can explain how these
different treatments work with the medication.
you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
you drink alcohol or use drugs
should I take Remeron®?
is usually taken 1 time per day at bedtime with or without food.
patients begin at a low dose of medicine and the dose is increased
slowly over several weeks.
dose usually ranges from 15 mg to 45 mg. Only
your healthcare provider can determine the correct dose for you.
disintegrating tablets will dissolve in your mouth within seconds and
can be swallowed with or without liquid.
disintegrating tablets must remain in their original packaging. Open
the package with clean dry hands before each dose. Do not try to put
tablets in a pillbox if you take the orally disintegrating tablets.
using a calendar, pillbox, alarm clock, or cell phone alert to help
you remember to take your medication. You may also ask a family
member or friend to remind you or check in with you to be sure you
are taking your medication.
happens if I miss a dose of Remeron®?
you miss a dose of mirtazapine,
take it as soon as you remember, unless it is closer to the time of
your next dose. Discuss this with your healthcare provider. Do not
double your next dose or take more than what is prescribed.
should I avoid while taking Remeron®?
drinking alcohol or using illegal drugs while you are taking
They may decrease the benefits (e.g., worsen your condition) and
increase adverse effects (e.g., sedation) of the medication.
happens if I overdose with Remeron®?
an overdose occurs, call your doctor or 911. You may need urgent
medical care. You may also contact the poison control center at
specific treatment to reverse the effects of mirtazapine does not
are the possible side effects of Remeron®?
increased appetite, weight gain, feeling dizzy, increased
(low white blood cell count) can increase the risk of infection. If
you develop symptoms of infection, such as fever, chills, sore
throat, swelling of the lining the mouth or other possible signs of
infection, contact your prescriber.
there any risks of taking Remeron® for long periods of time?
date, there are no known problems associated with long term use of
mirtazapine. It is a safe and effective medication when used as
other medications may interact with Remeron®?
should not be taken with or within 2 weeks of taking monoamine
oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). These include phenelzine (Nardil®),
rare, there is an increased risk of serotonin syndrome when
mirtazapine is used with other medications that increase serotonin,
such as other antidepressants, migraine medications called “triptans”
some pain medications (e.g., tramadol (Ultram®),
and the antibiotic linezolid (Zyvox®).
long does it take for Remeron® to
energy, or appetite may show some improvement within the first 1-2
weeks. Improvement in these physical symptoms can be an important
early signal that the medication is working. Depressed mood and lack
of interest in activities may need up to 6-8 weeks to fully improve.
by the College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists
of Black Box Warnings
Thoughts or Actions in Children and Adults
and certain other psychiatric disorders are themselves associated
with increases in the risk of suicide.
with major depressive disorder (MDD), both adult and pediatric, may
experience worsening of their depression and/or the emergence of
suicidal ideation and behavior (suicidality) or unusual changes in
behavior, whether or not they are taking antidepressant medications.
This risk may persist until significant remission occurs.
short-term studies, antidepressants increased the risk of
suicidality in children, adolescents, and young adults when compared
to placebo. Short-term studies did not show an increase in the risk of suicidality with antidepressants
compared to placebo in adults beyond age 24. Adults age 65 and
older taking antidepressants have a decreased risk of suicidality.
their families, and caregivers should be alert to the emergence of
anxiety, restlessness, irritability, aggressiveness and insomnia.
If these symptoms emerge, they should be reported to the patient’s
prescriber or healthcare professional.
patients being treated with antidepressants for any indication
should watch for and notify their healthcare provider for worsening
symptoms, suicidality and unusual changes in behavior, especially
during the first few months of treatment.