INTEREST OF AMICI
The American Psychiatric Association (APA), with more than 40,000 members, is the Nation’s largest organization of physicians specializing in psychiatry.1 It has participated in numerous cases in this Court. See, e.g., Kansas [page 2] v. Hendricks, 521 U.S. 346 (1997); Jaffee v. Redmond, 518 U.S. 1 (1996); City of Edmonds v. Oxford House, Inc., 514 U.S. 725 (1995); Youngberg v. Romeo, 457 U.S. 307 (1982). The APA seeks in this case, as in others, to ensure that state decisions about the care and treatment of persons with mental illness or other disabilities properly serve the individuals’ best interests–here, by not unjustifiably depriving individuals of the benefits of integration into community settings when such settings are appropriate for them.
The National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI), with more than 200,000 members and 1,200 state and local affiliates, is the Nation’s leading grassroots advocacy organization dedicated exclusively to improving the lives of persons with severe mental illnesses, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness), major depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and severe anxiety disorders. NAMI seeks in this case to ensure that people with severe mental illnesses are not unnecessarily denied opportunities to enjoy the benefits of living safely and successfully in the community, when they are able to do so, and receive the treatment required to enable them to live in the most integrated settings appropriate to their needs.