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Election 2010: The 60 to 140 Percent Bite; State-by-State Data on Disability Income, Housing Costs and People with Mental Illness; Are Candidates Addressing the Facts?

October 5, 2010

Arlington, Va.-- Housing costs for people living with disabilities who depend on Supplemental Security Income (SSI) can consume 60 and 140 percent of that income, according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI).

State-by-State Data Below

In the past two weeks, the U.S. Census Bureau has reported that the nation today is experiencing its greatest level of poverty in 15 years while the gap between rich and poor is bigger ever. But poverty is nothing new for many Americans living with serious mental illness.

Mental health—and hope for recovery—must be part of the equation in addressing the nation's economic crisis. A key factor is the level of disability income relative to basic needs--such as a place to live.

In the fifth alert in an Election 2010 series, NAMI is reminding editors, reporters, bloggers and others to ask candidates to address these facts:

  • Depending on the state, the rent for a one-person efficiency apartment may be between 60 and 140 percent of federal Supplemental Security Income (SSI), one of the main sources of support for people with disabilities. (Hawaii is a dramatic outlier at 170 percent.)
  • SSI support is between 15 and 25 percent of the median income in each state.
  • Approximately 35 percent of persons receiving SSI benefits are those with mental illnesses.
  • About four million people receive some form of disability income for mental illness. They represent about 18 percent of all people living with mental illness, who compose slightly less than two percent of the nation's total population.

Previous NAMI Election Alerts

1.     State Grades: 21 Ds, 6 Fs

2.     State Suicide Rates

3.     Top 10 States; Mental Health Cuts

4.     Number of People w/ Mental Illness in Each State; Percent Served by SMHA

Disability Income vs. Housing Costs

State

SSI Recipients with Mental Illness (rounded to 1000)

SSI as a Percentage of One Person Median Income 2008 (rounded)

Percent of SSI Needed to Rent an Efficiency (Studio) Apartment  (rounded)

 

Alabama

59,000

21%

75%

 

Alaska

4,000

23%

69%

 

Arizona

37,000

19%

93%

 

Arkansas

36,000

23%

70%

 

California

438,000

22%

103%

 

Colorado

22,000

17%

90%

 

Connecticut

20,000

17%

96%

 

Delaware

5,000

17%

109%

 

DC

8,000

17%

157%

 

Florida

162,000

19%

119%

 

Georgia

77,000

19%

97%

 

Hawaii

8,000

15%

170%

 

Idaho

9,000

21%

72%

 

Illinois

94,000

17%

105%

 

Indiana

39,000

19%

79%

 

Iowa

16,000

19%

68%

 

Kansas

15,000

18%

73%

 

Kentucky

66,000

21%

70%

 

Louisiana

59,000

22%

92%

 

Maine

12,000

20%

84%

 

Maryland

36,000

13%

131%

 

Massachusetts

65,000

17%

119%

 

Michigan

85,000

18%

84%

 

Minnesota

29,000

18%

75%

 

Mississippi

43,000

24%

77%

 

Missouri

45,000

20%

76%

 

Montana

6,000

20%

69%

 

Nebraska

9,000

19%

73%

 

Nevada

14,000

17%

109%

 

New Hampshire

6,000

16%

100%

 

New Jersey

57,000

14%

136%

 

New Mexico

21,000

22%

75%

 

New York

234,000

19%

129

 

North Carolina

75,000

20%

84%

 

North Dakota

3,000

19%

62%

 

Ohio

96,000

19%

74%

 

Oklahoma

32,000

23%

70%

 

Oregon

25,000

19%

84%

 

Pennsylvania

121,000

19%

87%

 

Rhode Island

11,000

18%

108%

 

South Carolina

38,000

21%

83%

 

South Dakota

5,000

20%

64%

 

Tennessee

59,000

21%

79%

 

Texas

206,000

20%

92%

 

Utah

9,000

18%

86%

 

Vermont

5,000

19%

94%

 

Virginia

50,000

16%

115%

 

Washington

46,000

18%

90%

 

West Virginia

28,000

24%

69%

 

Wisconsin

36,000

19%

71%

 

Wyoming

2,000

19%

75%

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOURCES:  

Social Security Administration Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data (Table 10).

Jans, L., Stoddard, S. & Kraus, L. (2004). Chartbook on Mental Health and Disability in the United States. An InfoUse Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research.

O'Hara, A., Cooper, E., Zovistoski, A., and Buttrick, J., Priced Out in 2006: The Housing Crisis for People with Disabilities, Technical Assistance Collaborative, Inc., Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities, Housing Task Force, (Technical Assistance Collaborative, Inc.: 2009)

About NAMI

NAMI is the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to improving the lives of individuals and families affected by mental illness. NAMI has over 1100 state and local affiliates that engage in research, education, support and advocacy. NAMI is a non-partisan, non-profit organization and does not endorse political candidates.

www.nami.org

http://twitter.com/namicommunicate

http://www.facebook.com/officialNAMI

 

 


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