Don't Forget People With Mental Illnesses; Lessons of Hurricane Katrina Cited
July 18, 2006
Arlington, VA—The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) is appealing to the news media and other authorities to publicize heightened risks of heat exhaustion and heat stroke for people with mental illnesses who take psychiatric medications.
The request comes as temperatures have reached more than 100 degrees in some cities and linger in the 90- degree range in others—with much of the summer still to come.
"News stories tend to focus on children, pets and elderly persons," said NAMI Executive Director Mike Fitzpatrick. "There is a population that is often forgotten—people with serious mental illnesses, especially those who live in adult homes or isolated apartments without air conditioning, or on the street ."
"Lessons from Hurricane Katrina have shown that public health organizations or others may abandon people with mental illnesses or overlook their special needs in the face of weather emergencies."
NAMI's appeal follows the release this week of a report by the National Council on Disability (NCD) on The Needs of People with Psychiatric Disabilities During and After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita,, which noted that emergency and relief responses "did not contemplate the needs of people with psychiatric disabilities, and as a result, many people died or unnecessarily suffered."
"Families, neighbors, friends and communities need to look out for each other," Fitzpatrick said. "That means encouraging people to take care of themselves and checking on their living situations. It means helping people when help is needed."
Psychiatric medications—particularly antipsychotics, lithium and topirmate—affect the body's ability to stay cool by causing a decrease in sweating, promoting fluid loss and dehydration, or changing how people experience heat; i.e., they may not even feel heat. There is also a high risk of severe sunburn caused by photosensitivity to psychiatric medications.
Other risk factors include:
- inadequate physical exertion
- excessive physical exertion
- drinking caffeinated beverages
- breathing/respiratory problems
- alcohol/drug use
- cardiac problems
- anti-cholinergic treatment (cogentin, artane, benadryl)
- wearing clothing too heavy for the season (because heat is not being felt)
Prevention measures are of course preferred to emergency responses:
- Drink plenty of water; don't wait until you are thirsty
- Avoid alcohol, sugar-sweetened, or caffeinated drinks, which worsen dehydration
- Eat cold food rich in water, such as fruit and salad
- Stay out of the sun or use sunblock
- Rest frequently in shaded areas
- Limit physical exertion
- Dress lightly in light-colored, loose-fitting clothes
- Take cool showers or baths
- Go to air-conditioned places if possible; don't depend on electric fans when temperatures hit the high 90s.
- Don't stay in parked vehicles
Be on the alert —for yourself, friends, neighbors and others—to:
- changes in level of consciousness
- red, hot skin that can be either dry or moist
- cool, moist, pale, flushed or ashen/gray skin
- headache, nausea, dizziness, confusion
- rapid or shallow breathing
- weakness, exhaustion
- high body temperature above 102 degrees