Justice Library

Use the navigation on the left to browse our library of criminal justice resources by topic. Use categories to filter your results.

Please note that the resources within the Justice Library are not endorsed by NAMI and that the resources listed are not inclusive of all of the resources available on the topic.


Beyond Jails: Community-Based Strategies for Public Safety
Publication Date: Nov 01 2021
Vera Institute of Justice
For decades, the United States has responded to social issues like mental health and substance use crises, chronic homelessness, and ongoing cycles of interpersonal violence with jail. This has disrupted the lives of millions of people—disproportionately harming Black and Indigenous people—without improving public safety. There’s a better way. Communities can instead invest in agencies and organizations that address these issues outside the criminal legal system. The proven solutions highlighted in this multimedia report look beyond jails to promote safe and thriving communities.
Tips for Successfully Implementing a 911 Dispatch Diversion Program
Publication Date: Oct 01 2021
A diversion model showing great promise across the U.S. is 911 dispatch diversion, sometimes called crisis call diversion. The approach aims to reduce unnecessary police contact by connecting people to mental health professionals when someone contacts 911 due to a behavioral health crisis or other health or social service need. This brief outlines four tips for successfully implementing 911 dispatch diversion in a community.
Building exits off the highway to mass incarceration: Diversion programs explained
Publication Date: Jul 20 2021
Prison Policy Initiative
The landscape of diversion is vast, and the design and implementation of each program matters.
Collaborative Court and Community Diversion for Individuals with Behavioral Health Needs
Publication Date: Jun 21 2021
National Center for State Courts
Justices and Conference of State Court Administrators National Judicial Task Force to Examine State Court’s Response to Mental Illness conducted a survey to create a picture of the national landscape regarding adult behavioral health diversions and practices available in each state.
Assessing the Impact of Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD): A Review of Research
Publication Date: Mar 01 2021
Center for Police Research and Policy
The Best Practice Guide reviews available research on the delivery and impact of police, behavioral health (BH), disability, and community responses to BH and intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD)-related crisis incidents. The chapters of this guide present information on existing response models, identify evidence-informed best practices, and outline key lessons for the development and delivery of crisis response programs designed after these models.
Assessing the Impact of Co-Responder Team Programs: A Review of Research
Publication Date: Mar 01 2021
Center for Police Research and Policy
This document provides a review of the available research regarding the implementation and impact of co-responder team programs across several communities. This review is organized into four sections. First, the definition and implementation of the co-responder team model are presented. Second, the impact of co-responder team programs on individuals in crisis, the criminal justice system, and the health care system is examined. Next, stakeholders’ perceptions of co-responder team programs and opinions on the elements that make these programs successful are considered. Finally, the implications for future research and practice are reviewed.
Assessing the Impact of Mobile Crisis Teams: A Review of Research
Publication Date: Mar 01 2021
Center for Police Research and Policy
This document provides a review of the available research on the implementation and impact of MCTs. This review is organized into the following four sections. First, Section II describes the implementation of the mobile crisis team model. Next, Section III outlines the research on the impact of mobile crisis teams on increasing connection to services, reducing pressure on the mental health system, and promoting cost effectiveness. Then, Section IV describes stakeholders’ perceptions of mobile crisis teams, including benefits and challenges. Finally, Section V provides an overall discussion of available research and implications for research and practice.
Practical Advice on Jail Diversion
Publication Date: Jan 01 2021
Policy Research Associates, INC.
This publication can be used as a guide for interested community members who want to know how to design, plan, implement, and evaluate a successful jail diversion program. Whether you are a case manager in a community mental health center, a substance use disorder counselor, a jail mental health practitioner, a cop who walks a beat, a prosecuting attorney, a local judge, a consumer, or a family member, you will want to read this publication if you are leading development of a jail diversion program in your community or hope to do so. 
The Community Responder Model: How Cities Can Send the Right Responder to Every 911 Call
Publication Date: Oct 28 2020
Center for American Progress
This report details several existing programs that send nonpolice responders to handle such issues, including the Crisis Assistance Helping Out On The Streets (CAHOOTS) program in Eugene, Oregon.
Behavioral Health Crisis and Diversion from the Criminal Justice System: A Model for Effective Community Response
Publication Date: Feb 01 2020
Arnold Ventures
Multiple leaders, champions, and stakeholders were interviewed, and programs and facilities in four communities observed, to inform this report highlighting promising practices of crisis diversion facilities
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