Justice Library | NAMI

Use the navigation on the left to browse our library of criminal justice resources by topic. Use categories to filter your results.

Please note that the resources within the Justice Library are not endorsed by NAMI and that the resources listed are not inclusive of all of the resources available on the topic.

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The Outbreak That Was Always Here: Racial Trauma in the Context of COVID-19 and Implications for Mental Health Providers

Publication Date: Jun 18 2020


The present commentary offers a timely exploration of the racial trauma experienced by Asian, Black, and Latinx communities as it relates to COVID-19. Instances of individual, cultural, and structural racism and implications for mental health are discussed. Evidence-based strategies are identified for mental health professionals in order to support healing and mitigate the risk of further racial traumas.

Sociodemographic Characteristics, Adverse Childhood Experiences, and Substance Use and Psychiatric Disorders Among Adolescent-Limited, Adult-Onset, Life-Course-Persistent Offenders and Nonoffenders

Publication Date: May 01 2020

Sage Journals

This study compared sociodemographic characteristics, adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), and substance use and psychiatric disorders between adolescent-limited (AL), adult-onset (AO), life-course-persistent (LP) and nonoffender (NO) groups using a large U.S. general population survey. the results of this study identified several sociodemographic factors, ACEs, and types of psychopathology that differentiate AL, AO, LP, and NO offenders that can help inform prevention and intervention strategies designed to prevent offending and shorten criminal careers

Trauma-Informed Care and Cultural Humility in the Mental Health Care of People From Minoritized Communities

Publication Date: Jan 24 2020

National Library of Medicine

This article outlines general principles of trauma-informed care and ways to enact it. Because the situations in which trauma arises, the ways in which it is conceptualized, and how patients respond to it are influenced by both culture and individual factors, a cultural humility approach is also described and recommended. Psychiatrists can navigate the complex terrain of cultures and social backgrounds in the clinical encounter and can promote healing when treating patients who have experienced trauma by adopting a trauma-informed care approach and an attitude of cultural humility.

Creating Cultures of Care: Supporting the Whole Child through Trauma-Informed Practice

Publication Date: Jan 01 2020

America's Promise Alliance

This brief offers a framework for how trauma-informed practice complements positive youth development, while illustrating the bridge between theory and practice. You’ll read about the work of two specific communities—one in Oregon and one in Missouri—which are engaged in collaborative, on-the-ground efforts to make healthy schools that support all young people the norm and not the exception. These communities serve as an inspiration to others across the country as they lead the way in creating healthier school environments where every child can thrive

A Trauma-Informed Exploration of the Mental Health and Community Support Experiences of Transgender and Gender-Expansive Adults

Publication Date: Dec 04 2019

Journal of Homosexuality

This study applied a trauma-informed care (TIC) framework to explore transgender and gender-expansive (TGE) adults’ experiences with mental health and community supports. 

Typologies of Adversity in Childhood & Adulthood as Determinants of Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders of Adults Incarcerated in US Prisons

Publication Date: Nov 11 2019

National Library of Medicine

Incarcerated people have disproportionately high rates of adverse experiences, mental health and substance use disorders. This study identifies typologies of adversity among adults incarcerated in US prisons. Typologies are used to predict mental health and substance use disorders. Disparities by gender, race and ethnicity are also examined.Incarcerated people identifying as either women or white experienced higher rates of nearly all types of adverse experiences, as compared to either men or non-white people. Women also had higher rates of mental health and substance use disorders, except for alcohol use disorder.

Vital Signs: Estimated Proportion of Adult Health Problems Attributable to Adverse Childhood Experiences and Implications for Prevention

Publication Date: Nov 08 2019


Efforts that prevent adverse childhood experiences could also potentially prevent adult chronic conditions, depression, health risk behaviors, and negative socioeconomic outcomes. States can use comprehensive public health approaches derived from the best available evidence to prevent childhood adversity before it begins. By creating the conditions for healthy communities and focusing on primary prevention, it is possible to reduce risk for adverse childhood experiences while also mitigating consequences for those already affected by these experiences

Adverse Childhood Experiences: Preventing Early Trauma to Improve Adult Health

Publication Date: Nov 05 2019


Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs): Fact sheet on preventing early trauma to improve adult health

Making the Case for Trauma-Informed Care: Tips for Talking with Leadership

Publication Date: Nov 01 2019

Center for Health Care Strategies

This tool is aimed at supporting champions when approaching leadership about the value of adopting a trauma-informed approach in health care settings. It offers key considerations for talking with leadership, and sample language that champions can use to tailor their pitch.

Preventing Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs): Leveraging the Best Available Evidence

Publication Date: Jan 01 2019


A resource to help states and communities leverage the best available evidence to prevent ACEs from happening in the first place as well as lessen harms when ACEs do occur. It features six strategies drawn from the CDC Technical Packages to Prevent Violence.

Implementing Trauma-Informed Care: A Guidebook

Publication Date: Jan 01 2019

Resilience for All Ages

This guidebook focuses on supporting nursing homes and other long term care facilities for older adults on how to implement trauma-informed practices and policies.

Implementing Trauma-Informed Care in Correctional Treatment and Supervision

Publication Date: Oct 16 2018

Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma

This article provides a rationale for trauma-informed care (TIC) in correctional services, and challenges readers to think about offending behavior through the lens of trauma. Based on interdisciplinary research and cross-theoretical literature, TIC can help in our quest to develop relevant and successful programs, practices, and policies, and the best methods for delivering them. Using Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)’s core principles of TIC, this article will make suggestions for the implementation of trauma-informed service delivery and practices across correctional settings. The authors translate trauma-informed concepts into practice behaviors through the acronym SHARE (safety, hope, autonomy, respect, empathy), which honors the principles of TIC recommended by SAMHSA and the principles of effective correctional rehabilitation. TIC in corrections may help improve the desired outcomes of successful re-entry and reduced recidivism.

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