Justice Library

Use the navigation on the left to browse our library of criminal justice resources by topic. Use categories to filter your results.

Please note that the resources within the Justice Library are not endorsed by NAMI and that the resources listed are not inclusive of all of the resources available on the topic.


Trauma-Informed Care: The Importance of Understanding the Incarcerated Women
Publication Date: Jun 16 2021
Journal of Correctional Health Care
This study assessed the significance of trauma-informed care (TIC) in the recidivism rates of incarcerated women. A retrospective longitudinal survey was conducted. ACE scores were evaluated and documented through a self-reported survey. Seven years of Correctional Offender Management Profiling for Alternative Sanctions registry documentation was assessed. Descriptive statistics were utilized to define patients and evaluate patterns of recidivism after implementation of trauma-informed approaches to care. There is strong evidence associating lower recidivism rates for those who participate in TIC and trauma programs than for those who do not. This evidence supports further evaluation with a serious potential impact of reduction in recidivism and improved trajectories for incarcerated women and their families
Family member incarceration and mental health: Results from a nationally representative survey
Publication Date: Jun 14 2021
SSM - Mental Health
Findings highlight that any family member incarceration—and not necessarily the type of family member incarceration—has repercussions for mental health, and that these associations are not contingent on demographic characteristics. Given the concentration of family member incarceration among people of color and the poor, this adverse experience may exacerbate population health inequalities.
Identifying Needs Related to Managing Seriously Mentally Ill Individuals in Corrections
Publication Date: Jul 20 2020
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Experts identified and prioritized a total of 47 needs across the six subject areas that can inform future research and practice. In assessing the relative importance of each of the six areas, they identified two needs areas as having the highest importance: community-based treatment and reentry coordination and relapse prevention.
State Justice Institute: Improving the Justice System Response to Mental Illness
Publication Date: Apr 20 2020
National Center for State Courts
Mental Illness in Jails: A Fact Sheet
Does in-prison physical and mental health impact recidivism?
Publication Date: Mar 20 2020
National Library of Medicine
The purpose of this study is to determine whether in-prison physical and mental health, as well as changes to an individual's health upon release from prison, are related to the likelihood of recidivating.
Typologies of Adversity in Childhood & Adulthood as Determinants of Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders of Adults Incarcerated in US Prisons
Publication Date: Nov 11 2019
National Library of Medicine
Incarcerated people have disproportionately high rates of adverse experiences, mental health and substance use disorders. This study identifies typologies of adversity among adults incarcerated in US prisons. Typologies are used to predict mental health and substance use disorders. Disparities by gender, race and ethnicity are also examined.Incarcerated people identifying as either women or white experienced higher rates of nearly all types of adverse experiences, as compared to either men or non-white people. Women also had higher rates of mental health and substance use disorders, except for alcohol use disorder.
Screening and Assessment of Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System
Publication Date: Jun 01 2019
This report provides evidence-based practices for screening and assessment of adults in the justice system with mental illness, substance use disorders, or both. It discusses the importance of instrument selection for screening and assessment and provides detailed descriptions of recommended instruments.
Sheriffs Addressing the Mental Health Crisis in the Community and in the Jails
Publication Date: Jan 01 2019
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services
There is both anecdotal and research evidence that the number of people with mental illnesses being contacted by law enforcement and subsequently becoming involved in the criminal justice system is growing (Fellner 2014; James and Glaze 2006; Reuland and Margolis 2003). The increased contact with law enforcement and continual involvement with the criminal justice system creates problems for the individuals being arrested and incarcerated. This is true for the law enforcement and correctional professionals as well, who must try to meet the needs of these individuals in a context and environment not suited to maintaining their safety or mental stability.
Implementing Trauma-Informed Care in Correctional Treatment and Supervision
Publication Date: Oct 16 2018
Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma
This article provides a rationale for trauma-informed care (TIC) in correctional services, and challenges readers to think about offending behavior through the lens of trauma. Based on interdisciplinary research and cross-theoretical literature, TIC can help in our quest to develop relevant and successful programs, practices, and policies, and the best methods for delivering them. Using Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)’s core principles of TIC, this article will make suggestions for the implementation of trauma-informed service delivery and practices across correctional settings. The authors translate trauma-informed concepts into practice behaviors through the acronym SHARE (safety, hope, autonomy, respect, empathy), which honors the principles of TIC recommended by SAMHSA and the principles of effective correctional rehabilitation. TIC in corrections may help improve the desired outcomes of successful re-entry and reduced recidivism.
Managing Mental Illness in Jails: Sheriffs Are Finding Promising New Approaches
Publication Date: Sep 01 2018
Police Executive Research Forum
This report summarizes a PERF conference that was one of the first major projects of our Sheriffs Initiative. We examined the issue of managing mental illness in jails because many sheriffs told us it is the most complex challenge they face today. Mental illness is not an activity that sheriffs’ offices historically needed to manage. But with the crisis in America’s mental health system today, sheriffs have had little choice but to step up and address this problem head on.